to Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones Against Seasonal Flu,
Avian Flu (Bird Flu) or Any Cough Illness
is the flu?
Influenza, known as the flu, is a very contagious disease of the respiratory
(breathing) system. The flu is caused by a virus that is easily passed
from one person to another by coughing and sneezing. For most people,
the flu makes them feel very sick, but they generally get better in about
a week. However, young children, people older than 65 years of age, pregnant
women and people with chronic medical conditions can have serious complications
from the flu. These complications can include pneumonia, dehydration,
and worsening of medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes, or asthma.
following tips can help protect you and your loved ones during the regular
flu season, as well as from the threat of bird flu and any cough illness.
a flu shot every year.
The flu vaccine that you get every year does not protect you against bird
flu. But flu vaccine is the best way to protect yourself every flu season.
Getting flu vaccine also means that you will not pass the flu to others.
your health care provider if you should get pneumococcal vaccine.
You need pneumococcal vaccine (pneumonia shot) if you are 65 years or
older, or if you have a medical condition like diabetes, asthma or heart
Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use a 60-95% alcohol-based
your mouth when you cough or sneeze.
Cough or sneeze into a tissue or the inside of your elbow. Throw tissues
and wash your hands.
touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
This decreases the chance that you will get the flu virus or other germs
into your body, or that you will pass the flu to others.
things that are touched often.
Clean things that are touched often at home, work or school, such as door
or refrigerator handles, computer key boards/mouse, phones and water faucets.
close contact with others who are sick. Avoid unnecessary holding,
hugging or kissing anyone who has a cold or the flu. People with young
children, or with immune system problems or a chronic illness should avoid
large crowds, unless necessary.
home when you are sick.
If you have flu symptoms, stay home from work or school and avoid public
activities for at least 5 days (7 days for children), so that you don't
pass the flu to other people.
visiting countries that have bird flu, avoid bird markets, bird farms
and close contact with birds.
For more information about travel to countries that have bird flu, visit
the CDC travel website at: www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/index.htm